Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

The park will be open Monday through Friday, 9:00 am through 4:00 pm and closed on weekends.  This schedule will remain in effect through March 31, 2014

Announcements

Interpretive Walking Tour

June 28 2014

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Chief Black Kettle Life

July 19 2014

 

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
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Nancy Stinson


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To learn more contact Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site call (719) 438-5916 or go to
www.nps.gov/sand

 

The Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site was authorized by Public Law 106-465 on November 7, 2000 to recognize the national significance of the massacre in American history, and its ongoing significance to the Cheyenne and Arapaho people and descendents of the massacre victims.

Trust Legislation

President Bush Signed the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Ste bill Tuesday August 2,2005

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Sand Creek Massacre Spiritual Healing Run/Walk

Murdock Building Rehabilitation

 

Sand Creek Battle Ground Memorial Monument

SAND CREEK MASSACRE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE

Dedicated as the 391st unit of the nation’s National Park system April 28, 2007

Location of the Sand Creek Massacre National Histoiric Site

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Sand Creek Massacre NHS Park Switches to Winter Hours
 The Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site will change to its winter schedule beginning Monday, December 2, 2013.  The park will be open Monday through Friday, 9:00 am through 4:00 pm and closed on weekends.  This schedule will remain in effect through March 31, 2014. 
 The park will be closed on Christmas Day and New Year’s Day.
 Weekend guided tours of the park can be arranged in advance, when staffing permits, by contacting the park Administrative Headquarters at (719) 438-5916. Entrance to the Sand Creek Massacre NHS is free.
 For additional information, please contact the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site at 719-438-5916 or 719-729-3003.

    -NPS-

The Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site (NHS)   Establishment of the NHS,  to help preserve and commemorate the site of the 1864 Sand Creek Massacre, was authorized by Public Law 106-465, in November, 2000. 
 In the summer of 2005, Public Law 109-45 authorized the Secretary of Interior to accept trust responsibility for 1465 acres within the site, currently owned by the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma.  This area, the former ‘Dawson Ranch’, was acquired by the Tribes in 2003. 
Title work to convey this land from the tribes to the United States has been completed.  The Secretary of Interior  formally establish the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site April 28, 2007. Initially, the NHS  includes about 2,400 acres. 
 Currently, the National Park Service (NPS) is working to understand and protect the site’s natural and cultural resources.  Through various partnerships, the NPS has initiated wildfire prevention and management efforts, environmental history and stewardship projects, plant and animal species inventories, and other projects.  The NPS has worked closely with Kiowa County, the Northern and Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, the Public Lands Corps, the Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, and Northern and Southern Cheyenne tribal fire crews. 
Through the Rocky Mountain Cooperative Ecosystems Studies Unit, which partners university researchers with federal land management needs, the site has received assistance from the University of Colorado, Colorado State University, the University of Montana, Utah State University, and the University of Nevada Reno.
 The Sand Creek Massacre is one of Colorado’s most profound historic events.  The legacy of the attack and its aftermath has reverberated throughout the west for more than a century.  The Indian Campaign which culminated at Sand Creek, involved several Regiments of Colorado Volunteers.

http://www.nps.gov/sand/historyculture/index.htm

Dedication Ceremony

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site


For additional Information
Phone:
(719) 438-5916  
(719) 729-3003

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Headquarters:

910 Wansted   

P.O. Box 249

Eads, CO 81036


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History
The Sand Creek Massacre site, located near the town of Chivington, is one of Colorado's most controversial historical events. 
The legacy of the attack and its aftermath has reverberated throughout the west for more than a century.  The Indian Campaign which culminated at Sand Creek, involved several Regiments of Colorado Volunteers.
Before the five-day ride down the Arkansas, the volunteers were joined by Colonel John Chivington.  After a stop at Fort Lyon, where the troops were augmented by additional by a battalion of the Colorado 1st and a detachment of New Mexico Infantry commanded by Major Scott Anthony, the command began an all-night ride to Sand Creek.  
The Cheyenne and Arapaho people believed they were under the protection of the U.S. Army were winter camped along the north bank of Big Sandy Creek. There were about 100 lodges of Cheyenne and a few lodges of Arapaho, about 500 people total. The village consisted mainly of women, children and the old.   Many of the men were away seeking food, at the time of the attack.  
The assault on the camps of Chiefs Black Kettle, White Antelope, Bear Tongue, Spotted Crow and others extended for several miles along the valley of the Big Sandy began in the early morning hours of November 29.1864. By the end of the day around 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho lay dead.
The Coloradans also suffered, with several dozen casualties in killed and wounded, including some 13 commissioned and non-commissioned officers.
Atrocities committed by some soldiers, and questions surrounding the attack, resulted in a military inquiry and several Congressional investigations.  These Investigations labeled the attack a massacre, and condemned the role of Colonel Chivington.
Now
Efforts by the NPS to locate the Sand Creek Massacre site began in 1998 when Congress passed the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Study Act.  Using a range of research, including archeology, historical documentation and tribal traditional methods, a boundary roughly 5 miles in length and 2 miles wide was identified.  In 2001, the “core” of this area, about 7,500 acres, was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Establishment Act of 2000, the park unit was established for the following reasons (NPS 2000a):
• To protect and preserve the site, including the topographic features that the Secretary determines are important to the site; artifacts and other physical remains of the Sand Creek Massacre; and the cultural landscape of the site, in a manner that preserves, as closely as practicable, the cultural landscape of the site as it appeared at the time of the Sand Creek Massacre; and
• To interpret the natural and cultural resource values associated with the site and to provide for public understanding and appreciation of, and preserve for future generations, those values; and
• To memorialize, commemorate, and provide information to visitors to the site to enhance cultural understanding about the site; and to assist in minimizing the chances of similar incidents in the future.
 Alden Miller - Superintendent  for the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site.

You may contact the Sand Creek offices at  910 Wansted, P.O. Box 249,Eads, Colorado 81036  Phone 719-438-5916 -719-729-3003 . The parks official website is www.nps.gov/sand

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